RAIL is a UKmagazine on the subject of current rail transport in Great Britain. It is published every two weeks by Bauer Consumer Media and is available in the transport sections of many British newsagents. It is targeted primarily at the enthusiast market (those whose hobby is railways, rather than their occupation), but also covers business issues, often in depth.
RAIL is more than three decades old, and was known as Rail Enthusiast from its launch in 1981 until 1988. It is one of only two railway magazines that increased its circulation in 2012 (the other being The Railway Magazine, published monthly, which RAIL outperforms overall). It has had roughly the same cover design for at least a decade, with a capitalised italic red RAIL along the top of the front cover.
RAIL is customarily critical of railway institutions, including the Rail Delivery Group, the Office of Rail Regulation, as well as, since it assumed greater railway powers, the Department for Transport. RAIL's continuing campaigns include one against advertising and media images showing celebrities and others walking between the rails (an unsafe practice) and another against weeds on railways.
The term permanent way also refers to the track in addition to lineside structures such as fences etc.
Traditional track structure
Notwithstanding modern technical developments, the overwhelmingly dominant track form worldwide consists of flat-bottom steel rails supported on timber or pre-stressed concrete sleepers, which are themselves laid on crushed stone ballast.
Times New Roman is a seriftypeface commissioned by the British newspaper The Times in 1931 and created by Victor Lardent in collaboration with the British branch of the printing equipment company Monotype. Although no longer used by The Times, Times New Roman is still very common in book and general printing. Through distribution with Microsoft products and as a standard computer font, it has become one of the most widely used typefaces in history.
Times New Roman's creation took place through the influence of Stanley Morison of Monotype. Morison was an artistic director at Monotype, historian of printing and informal adviser to the Times, who recommended that they change typeface from the spindly and somewhat dated nineteenth-century Didone typeface previously used to a more robust, solid design, returning to traditions of printing from the eighteenth century and before. This matched a common trend in printing of the period.
Morison proposed an older Monotype typeface named Plantin as a basis for the design, but revisions were made to increase legibility and economy of space. The new font was drawn by Victor Lardent, an artist from the advertising department of The Times, with Morison consulting, before refinement by the experienced Monotype drawing office team.The new design made its debut in the 3 October 1932 issue of The Times. After one year, the design was released for commercial sale. The Times stayed with Times New Roman for 40 years, but new production techniques and the format change from broadsheet to tabloid in 2004 have caused the newspaper to switch typeface five times since 1972. However, all the new fonts have been variants of the original New Roman typeface.
The multiplication sign or times sign is the symbol ×. The symbol is similar to the lowercase letter x but is a more symmetric saltire, and has different uses. It is also known as St. Andrew's Cross and dimension sign.
In mathematics, the symbol × (read as times or multiplied by) is primarily used to denote the
In biology, the multiplication sign is used in a botanical hybrid name, where it is read as "cross".
The multiplication sign is also used by historians for an event between two dates. When employed between two dates, for example 1225 and 1232, 1225×1232 means "no earlier than 1225 and no later than 1232". It can also be used in a date range: 1225×1232–1278.
The × symbol for multiplication was introduced by William Oughtred in 1631. It was chosen for religious reasons to represent the cross.
Martin's father is a jazz drummer and his mother is a singer. He grew up listening to a broad range of music, including John Coltrane and Parliament and began playing the piano at age six. At 13, producing his first tracks on his Casio CZ101 Keyboard and an E-mu SP-1200, Martin was encouraged to take up the saxophone and learned to play it by himself before enrolling into Santa Monica High School, to sharpen his musical skills. He transferred to Locke High School, to study under Reggie Andrews, where he became first chair of the All-State Jazz Band. As a child prodigy, Martin gained the interest of talk show host Jay Leno, who presented him with a scholarship and later purchased his first professional horn. After high school, Martin attended CalArts but decided school wasn't for him, and began touring with Puff Daddy and the gospel choir God's Property.
The first day of a major new train timetable overhaul was hit by disruption as rail commuters were warned to check their journey details on their way to work on Monday morning. Industry body Rail... everything you need to know about the biggest rail timetable change in decades....
16 (Xinhua) -- Two rail lines entered operation in east China'sJiangsu Province Monday, bringing relatively underdeveloped northern Jiangsu into the country's fast-developing high-speed rail network for the first time....
UK rail commuters have been urged to check their journey details on their way to work as the new railway timetable came into force ... These will include the first non-stop trains running between London and Bristol in decades, plus 1,000 extra services each week, according to the industry body the RailDeliveryGroup (RDG)....
Rail commuters are being urged to check their journey details on their way to work this morning as the new railways timetable comes into force ... This will include the first non-stop trains running between London and Bristol in decades, plus 1,000 extra services each week, according to industry body the RailDeliveryGroup (RDG)....
Robert Nisbet, the organisation’s director of nations and regions, urged passengers to check their journey details in advance as many times are changing ... “This time around passengers need the rail industry to deliver a smooth set of timetable improvements – so they can reliably use both new and existing services....
A revised rail timetable promising improved services and more trains across the south of England has been marred by a wave of delays and cancellations that have also affected services between London and south Wales... adding up to an hour on journey times.” ... many times were changing....
Sydney’s much-maligned CBD light rail system has broken down just hours after the new service began taking passengers ... “Allow extra travel time, ... The opening of the light rail network means the return of trams to Sydney for the first time since 1961....